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Siddi is a South Dravidian language of the Dradivian language family. It is spoken in North Karnataka and Gujarat state in India.

Source/ Investigator(s): B. K. Ravindranath, M. Vimala, Tavamani
1Consonant Inventorieslarge: 34Phonology
2Vowel Quality InventoriesLarge: 7Phonology
3Consonant-Vowel Ratio moderately high: 4.8Phonology
4Voicing in Plosives and FricativesIn plosives alone (p, t, k; b, d, g)Phonology
5Voicing and Gaps in Plosive SystemsNone missing in /p t k b d g/Phonology
6Uvular ConsonantsNonePhonology
7Glottalized ConsonantsNonePhonology
8Lateral Consonants/l/, no obstruent lateralsPhonology
9The Velar NasalNo initial velar nasalPhonology
10Vowel NasalizationContrastive nasal vowels present (phonemic contrasts show three-fold distinction of position of the tongue, place (front, central, back), a four-fold distinction of high of the tongue (high, higher-mid, low, lower-mid) and a twofold distinction on lengths (short and long)) - i i: , e e: , a a: , u u: , o o: , ɔ ɔ: Phonology
11Front Rounded VowelsNonePhonology
12Syllable Structuredi-syllabic, tri-syllabic, tetra syllabic, penta syllabic words common. Mono-syllabic words rare: moderately complex syllable structure (CCVC)Phonology
13ToneNo tonesPhonology
14Absence of Common ConsonantsAll present (bilabial, fricative, nasal)Phonology
15Presence of Uncommon ConsonantsNonePhonology
16Fusion of Selected Inflectional FormativesExclusively concatenative: phonologically bound with the hostMorphology
17Exponence of Selected Inflectional Formativesmonoexponential (or separative) formativesMorphology
18Exponence of Tense-Aspect-Mood Inflectionmonoexponential TAMMorphology
19Locus of Marking in the ClauseDependent markingMorphology
20Locus of Marking in Possessive Noun PhrasesDependent markingMorphology
21Zero Marking of A and P ArgumentsInconsistent marking or other typeMorphology
22Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional MorphologyStrongly suffixingMorphology
23ReduplicationBoth Partially reduplicated (səɔkas-giukas ‘slowly’) and Complete reduplicated forms ( həu həu ). Morphology
24Case Syncretismdative = nominative-accusative syncretism (- ka)Morphology
25Number of GendersThree : masculine, feminine, neutral Morphology
26Sex-based and Non-sex-based Gender Systemssex-basedMorphology
27Systems of Gender AssignmentSemantic and formal: affix and semanticMorphology
28Coding of Nominal PluralityPlural suffix : pustak-a (books), ceɖɔanc-o (girls), ceɖeəɳc-ɔ (boys) Nominal Categories
29Occurrence of Nominal PluralityAll nouns, optional in inanimatesNominal Categories
30Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Independent PronounsInclusive/exclusiveNominal Categories
31Distance Contrasts in DemonstrativesTwo-way contrast: Remote / proximate (teɳen ‘he’ : teɳin ‘they’) Nominal Categories
32Politeness Distinctions in PronounsSecond person pronouns encode a binary politeness distinction: honorific / non honorific Nominal Categories
33Gender Distinctions in Independent Personal PronounsNo gender distinctionsNominal Categories
34Number of Cases6Nominal Categories
35Position of Case AffixesCase suffixesNominal Categories
36Ordinal NumeralsOne-th, two-th, three-th: e:ke + ce → ekece, oneth, do:nia + ce → doniace, second ti:nuə + ce → tinuəce third Nominal Categories
37Numeral ClassifiersAbsentNumeral Classifiers
38Position of Pronominal Possessive AffixesNone reprotedNominal Categories
39The Past TensePresent, no remoteness distinctionsVerbal Categories
40The Future TenseInflectional future exists: dʒei-ta 'will eat'Verbal Categories
41Position of Tense-Aspect AffixesTense-aspect suffixesVerbal Categories
42Order of Subject, Object and VerbSOVWord Order
43Order of Subject and VerbSVWord Order
44Order of Object and VerbOVWord Order
45Order of Adposition and Noun PhrasePostpositions: dewastana-ca pʰude 'near the temple'Word Order
46Order of Genitive and NounGenitive-Noun: masaco tukɖa 'piece of meat'Word Order
47Order of Adjective and NounAdjective-Noun: hɔtlo ana 'elder brother'Word Order
48Order of Demonstrative and NounDemonstrative-Noun: te pustaka 'that boat'Word Order
49Order of Numeral and NounNumeral-Noun: do:nce bəil 'second wife'Word Order
50Alignment of Case Marking of Full Noun PhrasesNominative - accusative (standard)Simple Clauses
51Alignment of Case Marking of PronounsNominative - accusative (standard)Simple Clauses
52Alignment of Verbal Person MarkingAccusativeSimple Clauses
53Position of Interrogative Phrases in Content QuestionsNot initial interrogative phrase: tuʤe gʰər kɔ:n jeta? 'who comes to your home ?' Simple Clauses
54Position of Polar Question ParticlesFinal: tɔ kɔɳ ? 'who is he?'Simple Clauses
55Negative MorphemesNegative affix: maka gɔt-na 'I don’t know'Lexicon